Glossary

GENERAL TERMS Shintaido: « new body way »
keiko: practice; a Shintaido class
dojo: place of practice
gasshuku: « coming together under one roof; » a Shintaido retreat
kangeiko: « cold weather practice; » yearly winter gasshuku
shiatsu: Japanese massage
kumite: partner exercise, freehand
kumibo: with bo
kumitachi: with sword
kiai: vocal expression
kokyu: breath, rhythm, concentration, willpower
sei: formal (e.g. tenshingoso sei); also, « holiness »
dai: expressive (e.g.tenshingoso dai)
bo: six-foot wooden staff
bojutsu: study of bo
bokuto: wooden sword
STARTING & FINISHING mokuso: meditation
rei: bowing to acknowledge partners, teachers, or dojo
yoi: standing ready (« get ready »)
kamae-te: ready position (« get set »)
hajime: begin (« go! »)
ushiro-e: reverse direction
yame: return to standing ready
yasume: relax
COUNTING TO TEN 1. ichi
2. ni
3. san
4. shi
5. go
6. roku
7. shichi
8. hachi
9. ku
10. ju
PEOPLE sensei: teacher
senpai: senior student
kohai: junior student
gorei: instruction; counting, conducting, or leading the class
goreisha: person giving gorei
THREE SHINTAIDO
SYSTEMS
yoki-kei: « nurturing life energy » system
musoken: « no phenomenon » hand
kaiho-kei: « opening & expressing » system
kaishoken: « opening & expressing » hand
jigo-kei: « self-empowerment » system
jikyoken: « self-empowerment » hand
FUNDAMENTALS dai kihon: « great fundamentals »- the three most basic forms, as follows:
tenshingoso: « five expressions of heavenly truth; » a fundamental form
eiko: « glory; » a fundamental form
hikari (to tawamureru): « playing with light; » a fundamental partner exercise
WARM-UPS junbi-taiso: « preparation exercises; » warm-ups
kenko-taiso: « health exercise; » the specific sequence of gentle warm-ups
junan-taiso: floor stretches
shinwa-taiso: partner backstretch
SOME OTHER
TECHNIQUES
wakame-taiso: seaweed exercise
tenso: « heavenly phenomenon; » heavenward; the « Ah » movement of tenshingoso
shoko: « witnessing light; » reaching out to the infinite horizon
aozora-taiso: « blue sky exercise; » the « Ah » and « Oh » movements from tenshingoso
RELATED TO OTHER
MARTIAL-ARTS
kihon: fundamental techniques
toitsu-kihon: « unifying fundamentals; » Shintaido kihon based on sword movements
kata: a specific sequence of movements; a form (e.g. tenshingoso)
tsuki: thrust or punch
mae-geri: front kick
yoko-geri: side kick
irimi: entering, going in
STANCES heisoku-dachi: closed stance
kiba-dachi: horse-riding stance
hachiji-dachi: « figure 8 » stance
shiko-dachi: square stance
« un-movable » stance: (forward stance, fudo-/zenkutsu-dachi)
hanmihan-dachi: half-kneel
kokutsu-dachi: rear stance
musubi-dachi: heels together stance
gyaku: opposite- for example, right step, left hand
OPENING EXERCISES
Technically known as
shin-shin-kaihatsu-undo
or « heart-mind-body opening exercises »
tachi jump: standing jump
meiso jump: « meditation jump »- small, soft jump
kaikyaku-sho: small forward jump
kaikyaku-dai: large forward jump
renzoku: « continuous », also known as Shintaido jump
tai ki mai: « atmosphere dancing; » tenso in all directions
sumo: Japanese wrestling
seiza: meditation position, sitting on heels
REGIONS OF SPACE
Many open-hand Shintaido technique are based on sword movement and use the same terminology
dai jodan: big upper level
jodan: upper level
chudan: middle level
geidan: lower level
kiri komi: cutting beyond; cutting by pushing
kiri harai: cutting accross; cutting by pulling